The Unknown Truth of Vitiligo

Vitiligo
Image from Wikipedia

Melanin is responsible for skin color and when its mechanism is destroyed, the skin will be colorless; forming white patches. This condition is commonly known as vitiligo – and is becoming a very common problem in society. It is not just the outer skin that can be affected by this condition; even the nose and eyes can be affected as well. Melanocytes are the cells responsible for skin color and vitiligo is the condition suffered when there is a disorder affecting these cells. This condition may affect anyone at any time and below is a highlight on some of the top causes.

What Causes Vitiligo?

There are many things that are thought to be the cause of this condition. In actual fact, there are no studies that show for sure what the cause of the disorder is. One of the perceived causes is an autoimmune disorder. This happens when the immune system starts attacking itself by mistake. In this regard, the melanin creating cells are destroyed in the process. Experts think that stress and even sunburn can trigger this problem. Some will say that genes have a role to play in causing the condition. All in all, a definitive cause is yet to be established.

The Symptoms

The major and most prominent symptom is the formation of white patches on the skin. The most affected skin area will be the hands and feet; sun exposed areas are the most affected. The white patches may also affect the navel, groin, mouth, eyes, rectal area; among many others. Another common sign of the disorder is when hair turns grey early. This is not to say that all people who have grey hair early will get vitiligo. The white patches do not follow a particular pattern when it comes to manifestation. Some people will have a few patches that spread slowly while others will have many that spread fast. Some patches will not spread at all in some. In this regard, the is no telling what direction vitiligo will take with this respect. Below are the treatment options available for those who are suffering from the condition.

Treatment of Vitiligo

There are several types of treatment available to manage this condition. There is no cure for it; and the choice of treatment will be determined by the extent and nature of the vitiligo. Some dermatologists might prescribe certain creams to apply on skin. Some medicines will be taken orally. Ultraviolet light is another treatment that is usually administered alongside oral medication to patients. In some cases where vitiligo is severe, the remaining skin color will be removed so that the white patches can be uniform on skin. Skin grafting is another treatment and it is surgical. Small areas of the skin can be tattooed to get rid of the white patches. Make-up that is cosmetic in nature is another treatment which will conceal the white patches on skin. Dyes and sunscreens are also part of the treatment regiment. The right support and counseling are other treatments that go a long way in helping the pateint cope with the disorder.

Our trusted authority at an Orange County dermatologist office says that treatment for this condition is something that can be easily performed for anyone that needs it. You should contact your local dermatology professional today and inquire about these procedures.

The Ups and Downs of Bipolar Disorder

roller-coaster

Bipolar disorder is a condition of the extreme mood swings with both emotional highs and lows. It is also known as the manic depression. With this disease, one can either feel helpless or lose interest in all the activities or feel very excited energetic. It might be serious and can result in risky behavior such as high depression and suicidal tendency. It can be treated with medication and counseling.

You will find different types of the bipolar disorder. And the symptoms for all the types can vary from one patient to another. A proper diagnosis can help you to know what type of the disorder you have. But in most of the types, you will find the following signs and symptoms.

Signs and symptoms of Bipolar Disorder

  • Depressed behavior almost every day. It makes you feel sad, frustrated, empty, and helpless. You will find yourself in a helpless condition without any obvious reason.
  • No interest in social activities. You will not feel motivated and inspired to participate in different activities. This will happen with you every day.
  • You will either lose your weight or you can be overweight without any diet plan and workouts.
  • You will lose your interest in the food.
  • Sometimes, you might feel more excited about having food.
  • There will not be any constant behavior. It might be either overwhelming or depressed.
  • You might be suffering from insomnia or feel like sleeping almost all the time every day.
  • Noticeable slow behavior and restlessness. Loss of energy and fatigue almost every day.
  • Loss of concentration, reasoning power, and indecisiveness every day.
  • Feeling of guilt and worthlessness without any particular reason. It will be continual and you will feel it every day.
  • Suicide planning, attempt, and depressive behavior.

When should you visit a doctor?

If you find more of these symptoms in your behavior, then you should visit a psychiatrist. Remember that these symptoms will not go away automatically. A mental health provider can help you to control your thought process and negative feeling with proper medication and therapy. If you ignore it for a long time, you can find yourself in a more complicated situation and can harm you in different ways.

Usually, people do not take these things seriously and take it as a normal behavior. This approach can be dangerous and will only worsen the condition. If you leave it untreated, it can affect your personal and professional life. Moreover, you will find it difficult to adjust with your changing attitude. And in rare instances, you might try to take some extreme step like suicide. Hence, it is important to treat it as soon as possible.

Whenever you notice these symptoms in you and in any of your family members, first try to control it with positive thinking and strong will power. If you find it difficult, then it is better to take the medical help. The treatment is simple and effective. Your service provider can give you some medications. In some cases, they might ask for the counseling. If you feel that suicidal thoughts are coming into your mind, then go to the doctor right away.

Watch this very informative video called “Up/Down” on YouTube:

The Effects of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Can Be Painful

painAbdominal aortic aneurysms are usually asymptomatic in most people, but some may feel pulsations in the abdomen. Pain due to a worsening aneurysm is felt as a piercing pain deep down in the back, and leakage results in excruciating and continuous pain. Severe, unrelenting pain in the back and lower abdomen may be an indication of a ruptured aortic aneurysm. Pain and tenderness may be felt externally, over the location of the aneurysm. The rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm results in significant blood loss that leads to shock and eventually death, in most cases.

Diagnosis Of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

By the time pain due to aneurysm is felt by people, it may be too late. However, accidental discovery of aneurysm from an abdominal scan or X-ray, occasionally make early intervention possible, saving lives. A whooshing sound, called bruit, resulting from blood rushing by the bulge in the artery can be picked up by the stethoscope, when the doctor listens to the sounds from the mid abdominal area. A pulsation also can be felt. Aneurysms may be the cause of pain and tenderness when doctor presses on the abdomen and further investigations may be done. It is difficult to detect abdominal aneurysm in obese people through physical examination.

When there is calcification of the walls of the bulge, it may be detected in an x-ray, but that cannot be considered a conclusive evidence of the condition. Ultrasonography can give a better diagnosis of aneurysms in the abdomen and it can track their progress over a period of time. CT scan of the abdomen, with the injection of radio opaque dye, gives a very clear picture of the aneurysm but the high levels of radiation involved is a cause of concern. On the other hand, MRI scan does not have any risk of radiation but availability may be a problem.

Treatment Of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

Smaller aneurysms do not pose any risk of rupture, and people are treated with blood pressure lowering drugs only. They are advised to discontinue tobacco usage, which is known to aggravate aneurysms. Aneurysms less than 2 inches wide are tracked at regular intervals to watch their progress.

To prevent the rupture of aneurysms larger than 2 inches wide, surgical repair is attempted, unless the patient is not in a condition to withstand the surgery which may take 3 to 6 hours. There are two methods; both involve grafts. In the traditional method, a large vertical incision, extending from below the sternum to a point beyond the navel, is made. The graft is first stitched on to the aorta with the walls of the aneurysm wrapped around the graft. It is a long surgery extending up to 6 hours and is done under general anesthesia. More than a week of hospitalization also may be required.

Immediate surgical intervention, either through open surgery or by endovascular stent graft, is necessary to handle an abdominal aortic aneurysm that has already ruptured or is on the verge of rupture. There is a risk of death of 50% during the surgical repair of a ruptured aneurysm; endovascular stent graft placement reduces it by almost half. There is a high probability of shock developing due to excessive blood loss; it can cause kidney failure, in which case, the prognosis becomes extremely poor. Fatality is 100%, if ruptured aneurysm is left untreated.