Melanin is responsible for skin color and when its mechanism is destroyed, the skin will be colorless; forming white patches. This condition is commonly known as vitiligo – and is becoming a very common problem in society. It is not just the outer skin that can be affected by this condition; even the nose and eyes can be affected as well. Melanocytes are the cells responsible for skin color and vitiligo is the condition suffered when there is a disorder affecting these cells. This condition may affect anyone at any time and below is a highlight on some of the top causes.
What Causes Vitiligo?
There are many things that are thought to be the cause of this condition. In actual fact, there are no studies that show for sure what the cause of the disorder is. One of the perceived causes is an autoimmune disorder. This happens when the immune system starts attacking itself by mistake. In this regard, the melanin creating cells are destroyed in the process. Experts think that stress and even sunburn can trigger this problem. Some will say that genes have a role to play in causing the condition. All in all, a definitive cause is yet to be established.
The major and most prominent symptom is the formation of white patches on the skin. The most affected skin area will be the hands and feet; sun exposed areas are the most affected. The white patches may also affect the navel, groin, mouth, eyes, rectal area; among many others. Another common sign of the disorder is when hair turns grey early. This is not to say that all people who have grey hair early will get vitiligo. The white patches do not follow a particular pattern when it comes to manifestation. Some people will have a few patches that spread slowly while others will have many that spread fast. Some patches will not spread at all in some. In this regard, the is no telling what direction vitiligo will take with this respect. Below are the treatment options available for those who are suffering from the condition.
Treatment of Vitiligo
There are several types of treatment available to manage this condition. There is no cure for it; and the choice of treatment will be determined by the extent and nature of the vitiligo. Some dermatologists might prescribe certain creams to apply on skin. Some medicines will be taken orally. Ultraviolet light is another treatment that is usually administered alongside oral medication to patients. In some cases where vitiligo is severe, the remaining skin color will be removed so that the white patches can be uniform on skin. Skin grafting is another treatment and it is surgical. Small areas of the skin can be tattooed to get rid of the white patches. Make-up that is cosmetic in nature is another treatment which will conceal the white patches on skin. Dyes and sunscreens are also part of the treatment regiment. The right support and counseling are other treatments that go a long way in helping the pateint cope with the disorder.
Our trusted authority at an Orange County dermatologist office says that treatment for this condition is something that can be easily performed for anyone that needs it. You should contact your local dermatology professional today and inquire about these procedures.